Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque
The building which was constructed between the years 1298-1312
in the Lusignan period is one of the most beautiful
Gothic structures of the Meditteranean region.
Lusignan kings would be inaugurated as the King of Cyprus
at the St. Sophia Cathedral in Nicosia first, and following
this they would be crowned as the King of Jerusalem at the
St. Nicholas Cathedral in Famagusta. These ceremonies continued
to be held until 1571 when the cathedral was turned into a
mosque by the Ottoman Turks.
architecture of the western front of the building has been
influenced by the architecture of the Reims Cathedral. It
has an unparalleled window with Gothic style tracery. The
16th century Venetian gallery in the courtyard is today used
as a reservoir for ablutions. A Venetian insignia can be seen
above the circular windows at the entrance.
relief ornamented with animal figures is thought to have been
brought from a temple in Salamis. The apsis of the cathedral
is in the Eastern style and is composed of three parts as
in most Cyprus churches. The windows in the top part have
been well preserved.
There are two chapels at the side. The cumbez tree in front
-a tropical fig tree- is a rare tree in the north of the island.