The Salamis Necropolis covers an area of roughly 4 square
miles and stretches from Enkomi to the West end of
the Salamis forest and to the St. Barnabas Monastery.
of the structural styles and the rich findings of some of
the tombs that have been uncovered they have been named as
the Royal Tombs. Their main architectural feature is the long,
wide, sloping ground in front of the burial chamber. This
is where the horses pulling the hearse were sacrificed in
honour of the deceased, and earthenware jars of oil, wine
and honey were lined.
Studies indicate that the tombs were made in the 8th century
B.C. and were used until the 4th century A.D.. Tombs numbered
47, 50 and 79 in particular contained rich findings. The tomb
numbered 50 was also used as a small church dedicated to St.
Catherine. It is also known with the name St. Catherine
prison as St.
is believed to have been kept here after converting to Christianity
by his uncle who was the Salamis administrator. A lot of earthenware
pots and pans, things made of bronze and ivory and the skeletons
of the sacrificed horses have been uncovered during excavations.