castle is thought to have been constructed to protect the
town against the Arab raids in the 7th century.
the Kantara Castle, it played an important role in the Lusignan
period. In this period the castle underwent a lot of changes
due to restoration work. The restoration work was interrupted
briefly in 1373, because of the Genoese siege but went on
the castle was first built, the fortifications were constructed
with the armoured knights and archers in mind. When the Genoese
took control of the castle in 1489, they reconstructed the
fortifications taking the Ottoman artillery into consideration.
They added the northwestern and the southeastern towers as
an extra precaution. In spite of all this, however, following
the fall of Nicosia in 1570, they surrendered the castle to
the Ottomans without putting up any resistance.
entrance to the castle is via a bridge built over a wide ditch.
This ditch was full of water until the 14 hundreds. The Lusignan
insignia of three lions on the vault of the inner gate has
been brought here from another building. Inside the castle
there is a Byzantian church (St. George) thought to have been
constructed in the 11 hundreds.
The tomb of the Ottoman Admiral, Sadik Pasha the Algerian,
who was killed during the conquest of Cyprus by the Ottomans
in 1570 is also in this castle. The other sections of the
castle are: the Venetian Towers of the Northwest, Southwest,
and Southeast; the guards room, the big hall, various
dungeons, and rooms used as depots belonging to the Lusignan
period; a tower belonging to the Byzantine period; the Venetian
defence platform; a cistern; an arsenal, and a cannon parapet
belonging to the Venetian period; and the shipwreck museum.
The Department of Antiquities created the atmosphere of an
open-air museum in the castle by personifying different historical
characters and by using site-animation.